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cultivar | what is a Cultivar?

What is a Cultivar?

A cultivar is a plant that has been bred and selected for desirable traits. In cannabis cultivation, cultivars are often selected for their THC or CBD content and flavor and aroma profile. Some popular cultivars include Blue Dream, OG Kush, and White Widow. Cannabis breeders are constantly developing new cultivars with unique traits, so there are always new cultivars to try.

What Are the Different Cannabis Classifications?

Cannabis can be classified into three types: indica, sativa, and hybrid.

Indica strains are short and bushy with broad leaves. They originate from the Hindu Kush region of the Himalayas and are known for their high THC content. They typically use Indica strains for relaxation and pain relief.

Sativa strains are tall with narrow leaves. They originate from equatorial regions and are known for their high CBD content. They typically use sativa strains for energy and focus.

Hybrid strains are a mix of indica and sativa. They can have characteristics of both indica and sativa, or they can be more like one or the other. Hybrid strains are typically used for a variety of purposes.

Another classification is ruderalis. Ruderalis is a low-THC, high-CBD strain from Central and Eastern Europe. It’s used mainly for CBD extraction. You don’t hear about ruderalis much because it’s not very popular for cultivation.

Their growth type: auto-flowering or photoperiod can also classify cultivars. Autoflowering cultivars flower independently, regardless of how many hours of darkness they receive. Photoperiod cultivars only start flowering when they receive a certain number of hours of darkness each day.

How is a Cannabis Cultivar Different From a Strain?

The terms “cultivar” and “strain” are the same. Technically, a “strain” is a sub-type of cultivar. In the cannabis world, however, “strain” is more commonly used than “cultivar.”

The word “cultivar” comes from the combination of the words “cultivated” and “variety.” A cultivar is a plant that has been bred and selected for desirable traits.

Why Doesn’t the Cannabis Industry Use the Term “Cultivar” Over “Strain”?

The word “strain” is more commonly used than “cultivar” in the cannabis industry for a few reasons. First, “strain” is a more familiar word to most people. Second, “strain” is less of a mouthful than “cultivar.” And third, “strain” has a more positive connotation than “cultivar.”

“Cultivar” sounds like a scientific term, making it seem complicated or unapproachable. “Strain” sounds like something you can pick up at your local dispensary. It’s a more approachable word, which is why it’s the more commonly used term in the cannabis industry.

So, if you see the word “strain” on a menu at a dispensary, it refers to a cultivar of cannabis.

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