Concerns that COVID-19 could lead to food shortages have caused many countries to examine their agricultural systems. The nation of Georgia, in the Caucasus, is 70 per cent self-sufficient in vegetables, but only 8 per cent so in wheat. Since 2016, a project called Greelands.GE has focused on sustainable land management. It encourages Georgian farmers to practice crop rotation and inter-cropping, which will both increase yields and reduce the risk of crop failure. The project has been implemented by the United Nations Environment Program, but draws heavily on local knowledge and native seeds.
- The country is very good at farming vegetables but wheat production sees a lot of failure in Georgia.
- The new solution will be trying crop rotation and inter-cropping as a way to increase the odds of successful crops.
- Planting multiple crops can make sure that while some crops fail, others succeed which means that no land will go to waste in the way it was before.
“Due to climatic and landscape conditions, as well as unsustainable agricultural practices, more than a third of agricultural land is affected by degradation, erosion, pollution and soil damage. Around 4 per cent of farmland is vulnerable to desertification.”